Bonfire Night, also known in the UK as Guy Fawkes Night (as well as Guy Fawkes Day), takes place on November 5 to mark the failure of the 17th-century Gunpowder Plot designed to kill King James I. To this day, people across Britain celebrate with all sorts of fire-related events.
The fireworks are a reminder of the gunpowder that Guy Fawkes hid in the cellar of Parliament. Some people have a small bonfire in their garden on 5 November, while in main towns and cities there are big bonfires and firework displays.
The tradition of Bonfire Night has been criticised for its environmental impact. A 1994 study conducted in Oxford, England, found a four-fold increase in dioxin and furan concentration in the air after a Bonfire Night celebration.